Enneagram Dimensions

Below is a list of links and abstracts for PDF-format articles I've written on the enneagram from a depathologized point of view. Many of the articles below were written between 2004 and 2012, because I began writing books in 2009, and they are extremely labor-intensive. Check out sample chapters from my books here.

ARTICLES LISTED 2013-2018 (added Feb. 2018):

2018 Tarot and the Enneagram Handout
Color version of the handout distributed on the talk given on my book, The Fool's Excellent Adventure: a Hero's Journey through the Enneagram and Tarot at the 2018 NW Tarot Symposium, Portland, OR, March 2018.

Nine Paths on the Hero's Journey
A detailed description of the nine paths weaving together the enneagram and tarot as described during the second half of my talk at the 2018 NW Tarot Symposium, Portland, OR, March 2018.

The Enneagram and the Western Metaphysical Tradition
This is a brief exploration of the Western Metaphysical Tradition, the merits of scientific vs. metaphysical means of discovering the truth about life, and how these questions are relevant to the way we work with the enneagram.

The Fool's Excellent Adventure, Chapter 16 explores the enneagram and tarot in the context of the Western Mystery Tradition; see also the discussion on the Tarot page.

The Fool's Excellent Adventure, Appendix E explores the relationship between the enneagram, the tarot, and the qabalistic Tree of Life; see also the discussion on the Tarot page.

Positive Psychology Research and the Enneagram
The focus here is on how positive psychology research has transformed the field of psychology and how that research can be applied in enneagram work. I have included the Powerpoint slides from the companion talk at the International Enneagram Association Conference in 2014.


Dion Fortune’s The Cosmic Doctrine and the Evolution of Personality (Oct. 2010)
The Cosmic Doctrine is an esoteric work dictated to Kabalist Dion Fortune during the early part of the 20th century that describes the nature of cosmic evolution and pivotal role played by personality in that process.

Personality, Process, and Levels of Development (Jan. 2012)
In this article, I take a look at the relationship between the nine enneagram personality types, the nine process enneagram points in transformation, and Ken Wilber's nine-level Spectrum model of development. One of the features of Wilber's model is its ability to distinguish healthy from pathological development at all levels, and to explore possible treatment modalities at each level. The Riso-Hudson Strata model is also explored as a potential developmental sequence.


The Enneagram from a Cognitive Psychologist's Point of View (Dec. 2009)
An exploration of recent research in cognitive psychology supporting the value of personality for ordering our consciousness, facilitating cognitive and perceptual processing, and providing us an ongoing sense of identity.

The Enneagram of Individuality (Sept. 2008)
The focus here is on the nature of individuality and the idea that our enneagram type is innate (not something we acquire in response to social conditioning).

Subtype Themes (Aug. 2010)
A list of over 140 subtype-related themes with 2-11 examples of films/TV shows reflecting that theme. (It's a companion piece to my book, The Archetypes of the Enneagram.)

The Enneagram of Devotion (May 2009)
How can we use the enneagram to find our devotional heart? Read this article and see....

Enneagram Type is With Us at Birth (Fall 2008):
Part I: A Reply to Bea Chestnut
Part II: Deconstructing the Freudian Enneagram
Part III: A New Theory on the Origins of Type
This three-part "mega-article" published in the Oct. '08 - Jan. '09 issues of the Enneagram Monthly explores the nature of the enneagram and origins of the enneagram types. Part I is a response to Beatrice Chestnut's Enneagram Journal article that explains the origins of the types from an object relational (neo-Freudian) point of view. Part II, explores the origins of the most popular paradigm now used for interpreting the types (focusing on its Freudian and counter-cultural roots). Part III sets forth an alternative theory for the origin of the types, focusing on their inherently positive nature and the fact that they exist at birth (and do not come into existence as a response to parental treatment or other environmental influences).


The Circle, Triangle & the Hexad (Part I) & Part II
This two-part article discusses the three major geometric figures of the enneagram: the circle, the triangle, and the hexad. I focus on the function of each figure and how the points on the inner triangle differ from those in the hexad.

Prototype Theory & the Enneagram
In the 1970s, Eleanor Rosch developed a theory of prototypes to account for why some category members seem more typical than others. In this short article, I talk about how an understanding of her work can help us understand why some of us have an easier time identifying our enneagram type than others.

The Subtype Magic Square
This short analysis offers a fun way to look at the relationship between type and subtype.

Subtype Relationships
There are three main subtypes, but some people seem to be a combination of more than one of them. So practically speaking, there seem to be six subtypes: self-preservation, sexual, social, self-pres./sexual, sexual/social, and self-pres./social.


Let's Depathologize the Enneagram! (rev. 9-06).  This is an article published in the Enneagram Monthly (Oct.'06) that takes issue with the dominant paradigm of the field, which I find insufficient in four key ways.

The Enneagram & Ken Wilber's Integral Kosmology (rev. 10-06).  My second Enneagram Monthly piece, this article (Nov. '06) follows up where the "De-Pathologizing" article leaves off--by presenting an example of a broad meta-system that we can use as a framework for exploring the enneagram.

On the Nature of the Enneagram Subtypes (rev. 6-06).  Enneagram subtypes are often considered to be a subset of the enneagram types--specifically, of the egoic personality type structure. In this article, I set forth an alternative theory about the nature of the subtypes, one grounded in modern systems theory.

The Enneagram of Life Paths (rev. 4-06).  Many people seek their path in life. We can use the enneagram to help us narrow the range of possibilities. In this article, I show how the very things that we consider limitations (like our enneagram point of view) may be the medium through which we can discover our life's purpose.

The Enneagram from a Systems Perspective (rev. 1-06).  The personality enneagram has been used as an instrument to diagnose psychological problems, as an ethical guide, and as a source of spiritual insight. But to date there is nothing written that looks at the enneagram from the perspective of modern systems theory. In this article, I talk about how the systems perspective offers a powerful and practical theoretical framework for working with the enneagram.

The Enneagram in Brief ( rev. 1-06).  This piece is a brief introduction to the enneagram that I use as a handout for people new to the enneagram. I've included it in this collection because it's the only truly basic article in the online article collection. What makes it a little different from other introductions to the enneagram is its emphasis on a process model to explain the relationships between different enneagram points of view. (For more info on how this works, see "Reconciling Personality with Process") .

Reconciling Personality with Process: Linking Two Views of the Enneagram (rev. 12-05).  There are two basic ways of viewing the enneagram. From one view, it's a system for discovering your personality type; this is the approach of most modern enneagram teachers such as Naranjo, Palmer, and Riso/Hudson. From the other, it's a system for illustrating a process; this is the approach of Gurdieff and the Fourth Way schools based on Gurdjieff's teachings. These two approaches seem miles apart. But I always suspected that they aren't as different as they seem. Using a Fourth Way source, I was able to find a way to link the two teachings. In this article, I show how each point can represent both a focal point for individual development (a personality type) and a stage in a life process that transcends the individual self.

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